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Biosphere

The biosphere is the global sum of all ecosystems. It can also be termed as the zone of life on Earth, a closed system (apart from solar and cosmic radiation and heat from the interior of the Earth), and largely self-regulating. By the most general biophysiological definition, the biosphere is the global ecological system integrating all living beings and their relationships, including their interaction with the elements of the lithosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. The biosphere is postulated to have evolved, beginning with a process of biopoesis (life created naturally from non-living matter, such as simple organic compounds) or biogenesis (life created from living matter), at least some 3.5 billion years ago. The earliest evidence for life on Earth includes biogenic graphite found in 3.7 billion-year-old metasedimentary rocks from Western Greenland and microbial mat fossils found in 3.48 billion-year-old sandstone from Western Australia. More recently, in 2015, "remains of biotic life" were found in 4.1 billion-year-old rocks in Western Australia. According to one of the researchers, "If life arose relatively quickly on Earth ... then it could be common in the universe."

In a general sense, biospheres are any closed, self-regulating systems containing ecosystems. This includes artificial biospheres such as Biosphere 2 and BIOS-3, and potentially ones on other planets or moons.

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Genres electronic ambient abstract experimental techno
Top release Substrata
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Albums

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    Microgravity
    1991
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    Patashnik
    1994
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    6.5
    Substrata
    1997
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    Nordheim Transformed
    1998
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    Birmingham Frequencies
    2000
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    5.0
    Cirque
    2000
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    Substrata┬▓
    2001
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    Shenzhou
    2002
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    Autour de la Lune
    2004
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    Dropsonde
    2005
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    Meditation
    2006
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    N-Plants
    2011
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    L'incoronazione di Poppea
    2012
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    Live at Vega, Copenhagen 9.11.1996
    2013
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    Patashnik 2
    2014
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    Stator
    2015
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    Departed Glories
    2016
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    Cirque
    2016
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    The Petrified Forest
    2017

Other releases

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    The Fairy Tale
    1991
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    Baby Interphase
    1993
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    Seti Project
    1994
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    Novelty Waves
    1995
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    The Best of Biosphere
    1996
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    Polar Sequences
    1996
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    Insomnia: No Peace for the Wicked
    1997
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    Biosystems: The Biosphere Remixes
    1999
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    Light
    2001
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    Man With a Movie Camera
    2006
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    Wireless: Live at the Arnolfini, Bristol
    2009
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    Substrata 2.1
    2010
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    Mysterier
    2011
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    Compilation 1991-2004
    2012
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    Das Subharchord
    2014
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    The Hilvarenbeek Recordings
    2016